Gynecomastia can originate from a lopsidedness between the sex hormones testosterone and estrogen. Estrogen, the “female” hormone, influences bosom to tissue develop, while testosterone, the “male” hormone, prevents estrogen from influencing bosom to tissue develop.
All guys and females have both testosterone and estrogen, yet testosterone happens in higher extents in guys, while females have more elevated amounts of estrogen. Swollen breasts become more common among males as they approach middle and older age. Older men produce less testosterone, and they usually have more fat than younger men. This, too, can result in a higher production of estrogen.
Risk Factors may include:
- Alcohol abuse
- Klinefelter’s syndrome
- Kidney or liver disease
- Tumors of the testes, adrenal or pituitary gland
- Radiation treatment of the testicles
Researchers have suggested a possible link between gynecomastia and a number of illegal drugs. Medications that can cause the breasts in men to enlarge include:
- Some ulcer medications
- Anabolic steroids
- Some Antibiotics
- Tricyclic anti-depressants
- Anti-androgens, commonly prescribed for patients with cancer or prostate enlargement
- Diazepam (Valium) and some other drugs for treating anxiety
- Some HIV medications, including efavirenz, also known as Sustiva
- Some heart drugs, including calcium channel blockers and digoxin.
Symptoms of gynecomastia:
Numerous men have no any sort of gynecomastia manifestations. A few men portray irritation of the areola and maybe the underarm region, which can be the main sign before there is any conspicuous bosom swelling. For some the developing male bosom can likewise throb or feel delicate to the touch. Gynecomastia is typically not agonizing, and if there is huge torment something unique could cause the swelling. In the event that a man discovers he is encountering noteworthy torment in the bosom it is best to be seen by a specialist who can completely evaluate the issue.
The most known and exact sign of gynecomastia – and the one which defines the condition – is the swelling of the breasts in a man. In the starting, the man may notice that his nipples start to jut out or become prominent on the chest wall. As the condition goes on patient can notice there is a more prominent swelling behind the nipple and the pink area (areola) surrounding the nipple itself. The breast tissue can sometimes be felt as a smooth rubbery mass or lump.
As gynecomastia enlarges, the swelling will spread beyond the edges of the boobs. It is normally pretty equal on both sides, although it’s not uncommon for one side to start earlier than the other and for one side to be slightly larger than the other. As the breast gets larger due to this gyno it may develop noticeable ‘edges’ where the skin bends away from the chest wall. In the most extreme cases, the breast may start to ‘sag’ and take on the appearances of a woman’s breast. It’s important to realize that only a few men develop really significant gynecomastia, and most male breasts stop growing when they are much smaller.Gynecomastia causes” , “gynecomastia symptoms